With Kenny Luong telling me about his ability to make local edits to his personal websites and remotely push his changes to his Webfaction server through git, I thought I would give it a try for my personal website. With help from Totoid, I was able to implement this time-saving tool to make git pushes into a remote repository with a detached work tree where a post-receive hook runs a git checkout -f.
Setup On Your Local Computer
First I created a local respository titled joshuatrivera and initalized a git repository with a index.html file.
$ mkdir joshuatrivera $ cd joshuatrivera $ git init $ echo "Hello, world!" > index.html $ git add index.html $ git commit -m "First commit"
Performing the Web Host Setup
In webfaction, I needed to create two applications: a git app and a app to hold my website source code.
1. Setting Up Applications In WebFaction
Under applications I created an Application named Git with the App Category Git and App type set to the default Git 22.214.171.124. Next I create an Application for my personal website joshuatrivera with the App Category set to PHP and App type to the default Static/CGI/PHP-5.5.
2. Creating The post-receive Hook In The Git App
When I ssh into my WebFaction and visit the webapps folder, I see the two applications I created Git and joshuatrivera. Then I created a bare .git folder within the git app to generate the post-receive files used to update files in joshuatrivera.
$ cd git/repos $ mkdir joshuatrivera.git $ cd joshuatrivera.git $ git init --bare
This creates the necessary files and folders for our git setup. Inside the joshuatrivera.git folder we just created, there is a hooks folder where you will create a file named post-receive where the scripts will go.
$ cd hooks $ vi post-receive
I added these lines in the post-receive file I just created and opened
1 #!/bin/sh 2 GIT_WORK_TREE=/path/to/webapp git checkout -f master
For my case, path/to/webapp for me was /home/doswah/webapps/joshuatrivera. Then I needed to provide the necessary permissions so the post-receive script can write to the appropriate file. So after creating the post-receive file, type
$ chmod +x post-receive
Connect To Post-Receive File Through SSH
After that setup in our WebFaction setup, now we need to create the functionality I wanted on my local machine. I created a remote to the .git repository I made in WebFaction.
$ git remote add joshuatrivera ssh://<webfaction_login>/home/doswah/webapps/git/repos/joshuatrivera.git $ git push joshuatrivera +master:refs/heads/master
In my case, my
Updating My Website
Finally. Now when I make changes on my local machine, to update this to the WebFaction server I can just run
$ git push joshuatrivera
This transfers any pushed commits from my local repository where the post-receive hook will update joshuatrivera for me!
I then setup a GitHub repository then added a remote. Since I created a commit already, I made a commit to the master.
$ git remote add origin firstname.lastname@example.org:Doswah/joshuatrivera.com.git $ git push -u origin master